The word “saber” comes from the Hungarian Hung. szablya from Hung. szabni – “cut, cut”.
The first sabers were an attribute of noble warriors and therefore, as a rule, they were inlaid with gold and silver. The blades were produced using complex multi-layer technologies, which are also characteristic of expensive swords, which consisted in welding iron and steel plates. In the XII-XIII century, sabers become more mass weapons, and therefore their technology is simplified. Most blades were now made by welding on a steel blade or carburizing a solid strip of iron. Since the 12th century, the sabers of Islamic countries have been made from carburized blanks, which, as a result of special repeated hardening, received the perfect combination of toughness and hardness, and the edge of the blade turned out to be especially hard.