The cavalry sword (shashka) is of Caucasian origin. The Caucasus has long been inhabited by numerous militant tribes, their way of life and traditions were determined by severity of the surrounding nature. From a very early age, weapons became a companion that accompanied a man all his life. The ability to handle it allowed to take a higher social level in society and even save lives. To the Don Cossacks, for example, the cavalry sword came from the Circassians.
A cavalry sword is a cold chopping-piercing weapon with a blade of slight curvature and a hilt with a simple guard or without it at all. In Western literature, it is considered a kind of saber. A characteristic difference between a cavalry sword and a saber was always the presence of the wooden scabbard in the former, covered with leather, while the saber in the 9th-early 20th centuries had all-metal scabbard as a rule. The cavalry sword was suspended with the blade back, with the ring for attaching the straps of the sword belt on the curved side of the scabbard, while the rings on the saber were on the concave side. In addition, the cavalry sword was worn more often on the shoulder harness, and the saber on the waist.
Zlatoust craftsmen specialize in the manufacture of souvenir Cossack cavalry swords decorated in the artistic style of the Zlatoust metal engraving. Blade is steel, of slight curvature, single, with one wide fuller. Ornament is applied to the blade by etching, gilding, that includes military attributes: crossed blades, laurel branches, etc. The grip consists only of a wooden hilt. The top of the hilt is brass, doubled, with a hole for the lanyard. A brass insert stop is at the hilt bottom. The scabbard is wooden, covered with leather. The scabbard consists of a mouth, a nut and a tip. The top, mouth and tip are decorated in the style of the Zlatoust metal engraving. Elements of the sword and scabbard are made using art casting technique.