Saber (Hungarian czablya, from szabni – cut), chopping or slashing-piercing weapon. Consists of a blade, hilt and scabbard. The average blade length is 80-110 cm.
Sabers were widespread in Eastern Europe and Asia from the 9th to the 20th centuries as the main melee weapon of the cavalry and partly of the infantry. In Western Europe, the saber gained recognition in the 14th-19th centuries. Due to a number of its combat qualities and ease of use, the saber partially or completely replaced swords and other types of edged weapons in many European countries.
Sabers have always been an attribute of warriors. Often inlaid with gold, silver, precious stones. The blades were produced using complex multi-layer technologies, which are also characteristic of expensive swords, and were especially valued from damask and Damascus steel.
Modern products are identical to historical samples. Gift weapons are made from the same materials from which combat sabers were made, from the same components.